$25 Billion in “Foreclosure Relief,” but will Californians really benefit?

While the news today is full of various articles touting the $25 billion government settlement between the nation’s biggest banks and homeowners there is one big question for the nation’s citizens, and in our case Californians—will this really be a benefit?  In examining this question, there are at least three things to consider:

  1. Will the initial settlement amount become a meaningful amount for homeowners and truly affect their current financial situation?
  2. What are the long term implications of this settlement for mortgage holders?
  3. Will this settlement resolve the underlying problem in housing prices and declining values?

Before I get into this topic, first let us commend California’s Attorney General, Kamala Harris, for her efforts at getting a better deal for Californians.

Meaningful Amount

Question number 1 is perhaps the most current.  Clearly, this is the question on anyone’s mind who owns a home in California.  Will the $25 billion really have a material effect on my mortgage problems?  California has the most homes underwater of any state, according to Santa Ana-based data firm CoreLogic.  There were as of September 2011, more than two-million homeowners that owe more on their homes than they are worth.  By percentage, California ranks fifth with 30.2% of all homes upside down in value.  Compare this with the national average of 22.5% and you will see there is a big problem here.

If you take the national total of 10.9 million home owners spread across the $25 billion, and you apply a “historical fairness” standard where everyone gets treated equally, you get an average payment to each homeowner of $2,293.58—not very meaningful is it? Now, some believe that the “rich” do not need, or deserve, the extra money, so using a “revised fairness” standard, and the fact that some significant number of people will not apply for the funds, the settlement group estimates that the average amount granted to those participating will be more like $20,000.00.  This number sounds better but, there is a big but attached. The combined negative equity of all US homes is over $700 billion meaning that the average homeowner is underwater by at least $50,000.00.  And higher priced homes, like those owned by the rich, often are underwater by a significantly higher percentage.  Adding in the fees and other charges that will get levied by the banks for the processing of these claims and the effective gain drops even more.  So on a national basis, some could take the cynical view that this is not a meaningful amount—but, what about for Californians?

California, by the CoreLogic study has about 2.06 million homes underwater.  The state is targeted to get about $430 million. Using the same comparison above, the “historical fairness” allocation would be $208.74 cents per homeowner and the “revised fairness,” amount, where the rich don’t get any help, will equate to about $3,779.82.  Since California’s market has been hit harder than many other states and its average home price is much higher, the proportional amount negative equity is also likely higher.  So, one could argue that Californians may not only feel the amount is meaningless, they may also feel it is not fair overall!

Long Term Implications

Like most things revolving around government driven programs and settlements, we need to think about the long term consequences.  Where does the money come from that makes up the settlement?  Well it comes from the banks—right?  As the last stop before it gets paid into the settlement that is correct.  But, while this may be the end of the story, as usual, it is not the whole story.  The money comes from us via two primary routes; one visible and understandable and the other confusing and relatively insidious.  First, it comes from the bank’s profits, if any.  And of course their profits, if they have them, come from the fees they charge us, and if the bank’s costs go up they charge more fees to us and we pay them.  So in this route the money comes from us.  The second main route, the more insidious one, is from loans made to the bank by the Federal Reserve to help the banks maintain liquidity or inject more cash into circulation, sometimes called “quantitative easing.” In this case, the money is created out of thin air by the Federal Reserve increasing the total amount of money in circulation—with no increase in value of the underlying assets—passed down to the banks to pay out to us to reset our loans and it reduces the real value of our money.  The result is; goods increase in price, the money we earn goes less far, and we in effect are even poorer.

The cynics among us, who have concluded long ago that there is no free lunch, realize that no matter what the money we get is really coming from us. They may argue that the long term implications from this program are not very good.  The reality is, there really is no free lunch and we can expect that this particular settlement will not work out well for any of us in the long run.  Since many of the people who have the worst upside down mortgages would appear to many other to have been rich, it is not clear that this program would even be a model for the execution of “income redistribution” that some proffer as a solution to all of our ills.

The Underlying Problem

If you look at the graph at the top of this article you will see that the route of our underlying problem goes much deeper than it first appears.  While some argue the cause is the profiteering of the rich and corporations, and others charge it is the irresponsibility of people borrowing to buy houses they could not afford, the real root of the issue is the underlying basis of our economy.  Prior to 1972, the total amount of currency in circulation, referred to as the CinC, was about $500 billion dollars.  The amount of actual currency was restricted by a mandate that each dollar had to be backed up by a set amount of gold.  By 1972, this had become a huge problem as we could not increase the amount of currency and the government, therefore we,  did not have enough cash to pay for all the expenses the country was racking up like War, Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid and myriad other subsidy programs.  Also we were accumulating an increasingly large trade deficit.

But in 1972, then President Nixon, removed the country from this check and balance. By today we have increased the amount of money in circulation to about $16 trillion.  This is a thirty-five times increase in the total amount of the money supply.  No one will argue that the total value of the US assets has also increased thirty-five times—hence the problem.  If you look at the chart, you will see that the median home price in 1972 was about $24,224.  At the peak of the housing bubble in 2005-2006 the median price had risen almost point for point with the increase in the money supply to $298,500.  If you now look at what the median home price would have been if we had not done this, the median price projects to be more like $115,734. The point is that if it is true that the amount of money in circulation is not representative of the real value of American assets, then our total economy, is overvalued.  Even with the tech gains from our NASA investment in the 1960’s and 1970s, the economy would project to be about a $5 to 6 trillion economy not $16 trillion.  Housing, under this calculation, would have to decline another 46% in order for all to match up.

Even if these calculations are off and the relative value of our assets has increased at a rate higher than the pre 1972 rate, there is likely still a large correction coming to our economy in general and housing in particular.  California will be the eye of this perfect storm.  I submit that this mortgage fix neither addresses the underlying problem nor ameliorates Californian’s personal and current dilemmas.  I think it may really do the exact opposite and compound our problems with false hopes, false senses of security and increasing debt based on inflated values that are doomed to correct.

Regardless, this is an unbalanced fix in that it is trying to fix the debt side for a few and ignoring the unbalanced asset value side for everyone else.  Even if pumping more arbitrarily printed money into the economy buoys the market in the short term, the continued unrealistically inflated values will again decline and once again we will be faced with the same problem. This will promulgate more borrowing against what likely will continue to be declining values in an overvalued economy—potentially spelling disaster. The only fix that will work is to address both sides of the problem across the board resetting both the Debt and Equity Value side at the same time.  Perhaps it is time for either the Federal Government, or California, to consider a “Land Bank” system of mortgage financing.  We need to address the balance sheet of the bank and homeowners at the same time we address the asset value side of the equation. Only then can we truly, fairly, and equitably address the fundamental problem.

(Tom Loker served as the Chief Operating Officer of Ramsell Holding Corporation. Prior to joining Ramsell, Mr. Loker was the founder and senior partner of Wild Tiger Holding Company and Thomas Loker Consulting. Visit his website at www.loker.com and his blog at tloker.wordpress.com.)

Comments

  1. Spyder Dalton says

    Sorry you lost your home, heres 200 dollars, sure hope it helps… the lawyers will get rich as usual…

  2. It will end up in our elected Calif government peoples BIG POCKETS and the average Joe will be without, AS USUAL….FIENSTIEN, BOXER, BROWN, PELOSI, etc, etc, will see to it that Californians will not get ahead Ever , while they are in control of the purse !! / and while they are in OFFICE.. we need new HONEST people in our Calif Government..

  3. If you invest in the stock market it can either go up or down and that is tough luck if it goes down, you don’t get bailed out if your stocks go bust! Why should the rest of us have to pay up because someone made a poor investment in real estate? This present scheme is just another re allocation of income! It is typical of a socialistic regime, it simply does not work as history has proven time and time again!

  4. This scheme is just one of many tactics for ovomit to buy, oops, bribe for votes. Warren Buffet just made $150 million on this deal as B of A stock went up just because of this so called band-aid. Just another joke on America. I think we ought to force Frank and Dodd to live with each other in a forclosed home in Detroit. They are the two idiots that created this insidious monster to begin with and then just about every democRAT liberal got on the same bus before the wheels fell off. Unfortunately those of us already in a valuable piece of property before these two dopes mucked up the system were forced along for the ride. Now we’re paying for libral’s everybody should own a home no matter what stupidity. They’ve turned the American dream into a very vivid and real nightmare. About the federal reserve printing money out of then air? Who says printing counterfeit money is a crime? The federal reserve has been doing that for years. The fedeal reserve is the largest counterfeit operation the world has ever known.

  5. it’s all part of the plan….. out source the work, allow you to be over run by illegals, moratorium on water and construction, overturn what you voted for (187), create non- revenue based jobs ( except for paid worker comp positions) which are created by taxation against you, chase away the tax base until we are all taxed to death, sell you B.S. propositions to vote on, B.S. politicians to vote for, shelve technology, and once again probably con thousands again to take an arm loan/give up prop13 hiding as a “we want to help ” scheme ……. wake up and smell SOMETHING …..It is time to take control

  6. of our own ignorance and true sense of involvement. Apathy has killed this state and our country.

  7. As I was listening to Fox News, they said this is nothing more than a ploy by the Ovomit administration to take your mind off current situations and think your getting a deal. My advice, “Beware of Politicans bearing gifts” it’s his way of bying votes for re-election. He really thinks you’re too stupid to read between the lines and have a short memory.

  8. J.R. Moross says

    All the people I know with homes that are underwater used that home as a cash-cow. Some of them refinanced two or three times before 2008.

  9. How the government can screw up your life! I went to college to earn a better income and did for a while. Wanting to help people I searched for a profession where I could offer real relief to those in pain and found selling rehab equipment to be that perfect profession. All was well and business was growing until managed care hit California. Incentives to provide good quality care diminished and business declined. I then moved east and again started growing a good healthcare equipment business. Then came Hillary Clinton with her proposed government healthcare takeover. Healthcare providers became extremely frighten by her proposal and started closing clinics and merging with larger providers in an effort to protect themselves. My business down quickly because of glut of equipment stored in various places because of the vast number of closed facilities.
    Overnight I had a crisis on my hands. In an effort to shore up my families survival ability I contacted my Congressional Representatives to see if I could use my retirement savings without paying the government penalty. Their response, there is no provision in the law.
    My story is much longer than can be posted here, but I found myself back in California searching for employment which I found. The cost of housing was extremely high and because of my age coupled with my starting salary put me below opportunity. For four years I kept my family in an old farmhouse that looked as horrible as is sounds. Not wanting to give up I started asking “how do these young newly employed people purchase such large homes.” Out of the blue I found out and secured a nice home for my family in a nice neighborhood. Nothing about the deal made since but my family had the warmth of a nice home. I read the statements about fair and why people take advantage of programs that have poor reasoning behind them. Some want something for little or nothing, but I have worked very hard and have attempted to improve others lives along my way and in return I get side blinded by our government at every turn to include the way I was treated when I returned from Viet Nam. Still I love our country because I truly believe God blessed us with this land. So, I say revolt in November by voting this bowing give it away guy out!

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